Not sure what happened to this person but the anus has prolapsed
Staph infection is medical lingo for an infection caused by staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This pesky little bacterium is very common (many people have some living on their skin all the time), but when it enters the human body, usually through an open cut or break in the skin, it can cause infection and trouble anywhere in the body. Staph infections tend to be pus-producing. Common minor (or relatively minor) skin infections caused by staph include:
Infections of hair follicles that cause itchy white pus-filled bumps on the skin (often where people shave or have irritations from skin rubbing against clothes)
Infections deeper within hair follicles that leave large, frequently red inflammations (often occur on the face or neck)
Infection of the follicle surrounding the eyelashes, causing a sore red bump in the eyelid
The infection kids often get around their mouths and noses that causes blisters and red scabby skin
Infection characterized by pus and swelling that can occur in the skin and in any other organ.
Staph infection is also the leading culprit behind cases of food poisoning, and can be to blame for larger life threatening conditions, such as Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS), pneumonia, bone infections (osteomyelitis), mastitis in nursing mothers, endocarditis (infection of the inside of the heart), and bacteremia (blood infection). People who are otherwise healthy typically do not usually become severely ill from staph infections, but those at special risk, who have weakened immune systems, include:
persons with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, cancer, lung disease, kidney disease, or HIV/AIDS
people with various skin conditions
people recovering from major surgery
injection drug users (especially those who reuse needles)
people whose immune systems are weakened due to steroid use, radiation therapy, cancer treatment, immunosuppressive medications
women who are breastfeeding
Health care professionals can determine that staph (and not some other bacteria) is the cause of an infection by taking a culture (usually a swab from what looks like a giant Q-tip) from the infected site. Once staph has been diagnosed, the provider will prescribe antibiotics that are known to work on that specific strain of the bacteria. These antibiotics (usually either pills or creams applied to the infected body part) typically kill the bacteria and cure the infection within a week or two.
Another good one not on Wikipedia is Bonnet Syndrome. Supposedly, this is not actually a psychological disorder, but occurs with people who have a specific type of eye degeneration
When a patient presents with vivid visual hallucinations, a doctor probably considers common diagnoses such as delirium, dementia, psychoses, or a drug related condition. Charles Bonnet syndrome, however, is a condition characterised by visual hallucinations alongside deteriorating vision, usually in elderly people. The correct diagnosis of this distressing but not uncommon condition is of utmost importance, considering the serious implications of the alternative diagnoses.
Neighbours brought an 87 year old white widower—who lived alone in a flat—to the medical assessment unit of a district general hospital. They were concerned that he was becoming demented. Apparently he had reported seeing people and animals in his house—including bears and Highland cattle. He verified these statements and said he had been seeing them for the previous six weeks. He had also often seen swarms of flies and blue fish darting across the room.
Exploding head syndrome is an unusual and fairly rare condition that is often described as a parasomnia. A parasomnia is any occurrence which disrupts sleep, and can include things like sleep walking, myoclonic jerks, or night terrors. Though some cases of exploding head syndrome have been described when a person is awake, most often this unusual circumstance occurs just as people are drifting off to sleep. What then follows is a loud bang, crash, ring or explosion noise, which seems to occur in the head, and which usually results in total wakefulness, potentially upset, and some panic.
Noma (cancrum oris) is an acute and ravaging gangrenous infection affecting the face. The victims of Noma are mainly children under the age of 6, caught in a vicious circle of extreme poverty and chronic malnutrition.
Noma begins with ulcers in the mouth. If the condition is detected in the early stage, progression can be prevented with the use of mild antibiotics and immediate nutritional rehabilitation. If left untreated, as happens in most cases, the ulcers progress to Noma at an alarming pace. The next stage is extremely painful when the cheeks or lips begin to swell and the victim’s general condition deteriorates. Within a few days, the swelling increases and a blackish furrow appears and the gangrenous process sets in and, after the scab falls away and a gaping hole is left in the face. It is estimated that the mortality rate reaches up to an alarming 90%